It’s never easy starting out on a new venture. We know more that we did last year and there’ll be more to learn as we go on this journey!
Here are a 8 watercolor tips for beginning watercolor artists. Hopefully you can learn from my mistakes.
1. Plan your project.
This could be an entire post on it’s own but here are the basics. Take a look at your photograph or whatever you’re using as a reference and think about how the composition will be on your paper. Take a look at the ‘rule of thirds’ for starters. What do you want the focal point to be?
Plan out your palette. What colors and combinations will you be using? Have your paint, water, and towel laid out on the correct side – depending on whether you’re right handed or left. You don’t want to be reaching across your work with a dripping brush!
Do a sketch of your composition on some scrap paper or a journal so you know how the various tones will be. Then get a light sketch ready on your working paper.
2. Don’t outline your shapes with paint
Start at one side of a shape or sky, or mountain and bring your paint down to fill the shape with your brush. If you outline the brush stroke may dry and leave a line when you come back to fill the rest of it with color.
3. Use the right amount of water for the effect you want
This is watercolor so use that water! Generally a dry brush on dry paper (dry on dry) is reserved for certain textures. Most of the time you’ll need to pre-wet the paper and then use a watery paint mixture. Get to know when the right time is to start putting the paint down. This takes practice! (more on that later)
The flip side to this is getting in a rush and going over your wet paper before it’s ready. If you do this you may get lighter than desired color and the paint may ‘bloom’ in a way that you don’t want.
4. Don’t overwork your painting
Ok, I’m preaching to myself here! The temptation is to keep applying colors and going over and over your work. Be intentional about what you’re doing and then leave the layer to dry. Also, don’t use too many colors. Try to stick to a simple palette (3 max). After you gain some experience you can get some amazing detail by working slowly in layers, letting each one dry before applying the next. (see Anna Mason Art for an example!)
5. Start ‘loose’
One of the beauties of watercolor is it’s transparent, flowing look compared to other paint mediums. Don’t get stuck in the details when you’re starting out. Plan what you can and let the watercolor do the rest. Let your initial paintings have a misty look. After it dries you can always go back and add more detail to your primary subect.
6. Use a wide variety of tones in your painting
You can really direct the viewer’s eye by using tone in the right way. Leave your background light and darken your subject with multiple layers. Or do the reverse . Using different tonal values will give your watercolor painting a lot more interest. One exercise is to use only one color paint for your entire painting. Then you don’t need to think about color combinations and you can focus more on the tonal value. (see my video on monochromatic painting)
7. Let whites be white
This goes back to planning your watercolor painting. Most watercolor artists leave the white of the paper for their white color. You can also mask areas that you want white then remove the mask or scrape the color when dry to reveal white paper. There are also some watercolor whites that can be used but this isn’t as common as just leaving your paper white.
8. Finally, as promised – practice
There’s nothing that will move you along faster as a watercolor artist as practice. This may mean setting aside a specific time every day or two to actual make mistakes and learn a better way!
It also helps to keep an area set up for your work. Make it comfortable – have good lighting, put on some of your favorite music, and shut off the interruptions (did I say cell phone?) !
Soon you’ll be seeing positive results out of your dedicated practice.